Mole divination, also known as moleosophy, has largely been practiced in many cultures throughout the ages. However, it has never got to the status of astrology, palmistry or dream divination. Therefore, it has been classified as a category of folklore or superstition, much rather than a form of science. Moleosophy is in fact the name for the study of moles. The Greco-Roman culture developed somewhat cultural predilection towards physiognomy. Physiognomy inspired a lot of literary pieces. However, there are fewer references to skin marks. We could say that birthmarks did enjoy a higher status, in a way. Thus, there are references such as the one mentioning the fact that Seleucus I Nicator, the first Macedonian king from Syria, has received a mark on his thigh from the god named Apollo. This anchor-shaped mark was also transmitted to his descendants.
There is a short Greek mole interpretation manual surviving ancient times. Despite the fact that the book is anonymous, it is usually also referred to as pertaining to an author with the pseudonym "Melampus". However, it differs in style from other writings belonging to this author, like for instance from a treatise on twitches. The text is entitled Peri Elaion tou Somatos which can be translated into English as "On the Olives of the Body." Perhaps the term in the title was applied to moles because of their similar shape and color. There are still some elements in the book indicating that the text also refers to birthmarks, because there are mentions of "fiery red olives".
Generally, this work is based on sometimes obvious, sometimes unusual analogies. In general, the work relies on fairly straightforward analogical association. Thus, a mark on the lips suggests overeating. A mark on the back of the throat portends beheading. The nose was usually associated by the Greek with the privates, and perhaps because of that a mark on the nose portended that the recipient will have insatiable lust.
Apparently, details such as the mole's size, color and shape can be indicators of one's character. They are also used for predicting one's future. According to this theory, a round mole can suggest the goodness of a person. An angular mole can signify that the person has both negative and positive personality and character traits. Also, people who have light colored moles are said to be lucky. In the case of those who have black moles, they may suggest the fact that a person is likely to have to face many obstacles before reaching his/her goals.
According to some other moleosophy theories, moles can signify different things also depending on their body location. Thus, arm moles come to suggest the fact that a certain person is polite and diligent, and also very likely to be happily married. Men who have moles near their elbows are said to have a lot of struggles in their lives, whereas women with moles close to their elbows are considered to have job-related problems.
A person having a mole on either cheek may signify the idea of lack of interest in the material aspects of life. Such a distinctive sign is said to be indicator of a serious, studious person. Affectionate and caring people, according to moleosohpy, have moles on their chin. Such people are friendly and adjustable, and they love to travel. They have respect for other people's culture and values.
People with birthmarks on any of their ear are considered to be lucky. Also, those who have moles on their elbows are said to be adventurous travelers who are always willing to take up new challenges. In the very rare case of people having a mole on the outside corner of any of their eye, it is said that these people are reliable and honest. A mole on the right eyebrow can be an indicator of the fact that the person shall lead a very active and successful life.
People having moles on any of their finger have the tendency to exaggerate and overact, and they are often dishonest. On the other hand, people with moles on any of their foot are considered to be laid back, easygoing, and a bit lazy. Because of that, they are recommended to exercise in order to preserve their health and fitness.